The physical fitness goals are to lower risks of developing health problems and to maintain good physical health. The components of these goals are unduly familiar to all of us.
To Lower Risks of Developing Health Problems and Conditions
One aspect of the quality of life is to prevent or delay the premature development of health problems, prolonging the healthy and independent portions of life. There is evidence that regular physical activity is related to lower risk of premature development of many health problems including: anxiety; atherosclerosis; back pain; cancer; chronic lung disease; coronary heart disease; depression; diabetes; hypertension; obesity and stroke. In our modern society cardiovascular diseases has emerged as a serious set of health problems, causing premature death and disability. Quite often physical activity plays a major role in preventing the development of these and other premature health problems. The most important thing to remember is that activity and exercise are health beneficial, if performed on a regular basis, combined with proper nutrition.
To Maintain a Physical Well-Being
Many of these characteristics that lower our risk of developing serious health conditions are also the ones that provide a higher quality of life. Maintaining good fitness levels equals to having high levels of functional capacity and optimum levels of body fat helps us feel good and have the energy to perform things that enrich our lives. An active lifestyle is also related to prolonged quality of life and independent living in the elderly and individuals with disabilities.
In addition, exercise goals directed towards achieving good muscular endurance and flexibility in the mid trunk area are related to a healthy low back.
Maintenance of All Physical Fitness Components for Sustainable Health
For sustainable health and fitness performance, the physical activities and exercise have to be varied and directed towards developing all of the components of physical fitness:
- Improving cardiorespiratory function – aerobic exercises;
- Muscular strength and endurance – resistance weight training;
- Joints flexibility – stretches for all joints, the spinal column and especially for the lower back and thigh area;
- Body composition or maintaining relative leanness (fat-free / fat mass proportion) – regular physical activity combined with balanced nutrient-rich eating plan.
From a health perspective and to be physically fit, you should perform regular physical activity and exercise to improve and / or maintain all of the above components.
As people increase their levels of physical fitness, they move towards better life, whereas declined physical fitness can lead towards health problems and reduced quality of life.